Rapid and accurate diagnosis, performed by a medical doctor experienced in MND care, usually a neurologist, is crucial in ensuring the needs of people living with MND are met from the earliest possible stage.
There is no single test to diagnose Motor Neurone Disease and every patient is different. The medical team decides which tests should be performed on a case-by-case basis.
Diagnosis is based on features in the clinical history and examination, usually accompanied by electrophysiological tests, which will include EMG and nerve conduction studies.
The purpose of these tests is to exclude the presence of other neurological conditions, with particular focus on those with treatments likely to be effective if administered early. In the early stages of MND, symptoms can be like those seen in other conditions, so people may spend months seeing various specialists and undergoing unsuccessful treatments until MND is suspected.
The Motor Neurone Disease diagnostic tool for GPs, produced in partnership with the Royal Australasian College of General Practitioners (RACGP), is designed to improve timely referrals to neurology and therefore speed up the time to an accurate diagnosis.